Tax Evasion Offences Detected and Adequacy of Deterrent Measures in Place04 Oct 2022
Parliamentary Question by Mr Zhulkarnain Abdul Rahim:
To ask the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance (a) in each of the past three years, what is the number of tax evasion offences detected; (b) what are the steps and measures in place to detect and prevent such offences; (c) whether the current reward for whistleblowing or penalties are sufficient for deterrence; and (d) if not, whether the Ministry intends to review the reward and penalties in the future.
Parliamentary Reply by Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister for Finance, Mr Lawrence Wong:
From FY 2019 to FY 2021, IRAS investigated a total of 465 cases of tax evasion (FY 2019: 141; FY 2020: 192; FY 2021: 132).
IRAS pro-actively detects tax evasion cases through its combination of data analytics, intelligence gathering, tax audit and reporting by whistleblowers. Once identified, IRAS subjects cases to rigorous audit and investigation to determine whether tax offences have been committed. Where IRAS has established that tax evasion offences have been committed, IRAS will not hesitate to initiate Court proceedings to prosecute the taxpayer and/or the abettors. Those found guilty of tax evasion may face a penalty of up to four times the amount of tax evaded, a fine not exceeding $50,000, and/or imprisonment of up to seven years.
Whistleblowers can receive a reward of 15% of the tax recovered, capped at $100,000, if the information provided leads to a recovery of tax that would have otherwise been lost. In practice, most whistleblowers are not motivated by rewards. Most do not request, and thus do not receive, the reward for making tip-offs.
Taken together, the penalties for non-compliance and rewards for whistleblowers have contributed to keeping tax evasion cases low.