Table of Contents
Security and External Relations
SECURITY AND EXTERNAL RELATIONS
Ministry of Home Affairs
Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
Mission: We work as a team, in partnership with the community, to make Singapore our safe and secure Best Home.
The mission of MHA is to make Singapore a safe and secure best home for our people. Guided by Ministry Headquarters, the functions of preserving internal security, enforcing law and order, and protecting lives and property are carried out by seven departments. They are the Singapore Police Force (SPF), the Internal Security Department (ISD), the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF), the Singapore Prison Service (SPS), the Central Narcotics Bureau (CNB), the Immigration & Checkpoints Authority (ICA) and Home Team Academy (HTA). A total budget of $3,293 million has been allocated to MHA in FY2011 to achieve this mission.
To guide us in achieving our mission, MHA has developed a set of nine desired outcomes. These desired outcomes are our qualitative long term goals and comprehensively cover the different aspects of our mission of making Singapore a safe and secure best home for our people. MHA aims to achieve the following outcomes:
- A safe and secure society where life and property are protected
- Efficient registration of groups and people
- Secure borders with efficient and legitimate flow of goods, people and conveyances
- Secure and humane custody of prisoners
- Effective rehabilitation of prisoners
- A society free from drug activities
- A Singapore well-prepared for emergencies, civil disasters and unconventional threats
- A united Home Team committed to organisational excellence and prepared for future challenges
- Successful partnership with the community to maintain a safe and secure society
Description of Outcomes
A safe and secure society where life and property are protected
This desired outcome is MHA’s long term target for our law enforcement and fire-fighting efforts. $2,081 million, which amounts to 63.2% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. The bulk of this amount will be channelled to the operations of SPF and SCDF. The primary functions carried out under SPF include upholding the law, protecting life and property, preventing crime and disorder, detecting and apprehending offenders, and preserving security within mainland Singapore and Singapore Territorial Waters. SCDF’s functions include protecting and saving lives and property viz the provision of fire fighting, rescue and emergency ambulance services.
Some of the major initiatives and programmes that will be undertaken to support this desired outcome are:
A new Marina Bay Fire Station cum Neighbourhood Police Centre will be developed in the Marina South area. The development is essential to enable SPF and SCDF to provide rapid operational response to occupants of the Integrated Resorts, and exhibition and convention centre, tenants of high-rise residential apartments and commercial buildings, and users of the many land and water based leisure attractions being built in the area.
SPF video surveillance systems will be expanded to cover Orchard Road and Central Business District to complement SPF's effort in policing these two strategic locations in Singapore. With the creation of these Public Camera Zones, SPF will be able to perform opportunistic monitoring of the locations covered by the CCTV cameras. The presence of these CCTV cameras will also help to deter crime and provide a valuable source of information in our fight against terrorism.
External CCTV systems will be linked to SPF's Unified Close Circuit Monitoring System. This will involve integrating the CCTV systems of key strategic partners belonging to the Integrated Resorts and the Public Transport System to create a large pool of CCTVs that the SPF can harness for its policing use. By linking strategic CCTV systems that are available in the public and private sectors to a central monitoring centre, SPF will have access to a larger network of CCTV systems from which images can be selected to meet its virtual policing needs.
Land and floating barriers will be extended along the coastline to strengthen the coastline defence against illegal landings. The physical barriers have proven to be very effective in deterring illegal landings and the proposed extension is one of SPF’s strategies to strengthen the coastline defense and optimise resources in safeguarding our shores by concentrating resources in strategic locations.
Efficient registration of groups and people
This desired outcome is MHA’s long term target for registration services provided to people and groups. $175 million, constituting 5.3% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve the desired outcome. This outcome will be achieved through facilitating the provision of immigration and registration facilities, such as the issuance of travel and identification documents, birth and death registration, processing and granting of immigration passes, Permanent Residence and Citizenship status. MHA will focus on expanding the existing registration capacity and improving the e-services to the public.
Secure borders with efficient and legitimate flow of goods, people and conveyances
This desired outcome represents MHA’s critical role in safeguarding our borders, while at the same time ensuring an efficient and legitimate flow of goods, people and conveyances through our borders. $414 million, constituting 12.6% of MHA’s budget will be spent to achieve the desired outcome. This outcome will be achieved through deployment of resources at the checkpoints to conduct stringent border security checks and take enforcement action against illegal immigration and illegal importation of goods. Some initiatives include the provision of people and goods clearance services at the new International Cruise Centre (ICT).
Secure and humane custody of prisoners
The secure and humane custody of offenders in Prisons contributes to the MHA’s mission to make our home safe and secure for all Singaporeans. $226 million, which constitutes 6.9% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. Among the initiatives and programmes, $14.5 million will be set aside for the ongoing redevelopment of the Changi Prison Complex (CPC). The CPC is part of a masterplan to centralise prison facilities at a single locality. This centralisation will allow the streamlining of operations and more effective mobilisation of resources in times of emergencies. It also facilitates the return of the lands occupied by various low-density penal facilities to the State, thereby optimising the use of land resources.
Effective rehabilitation of prisoners
MHA recognises that effective enforcement is only one part of the equation. Successful rehabilitation of inmates and reintegration of ex-offenders will steer them towards becoming contributing members of the society and reduce re-offending. $144 million will be spent to achieve this desired outcome and this constitutes 4.4% of MHA’s budget.
A myriad of rehabilitation programmes such as education, counselling, vocational training and criminogenic programmes have been put in place to assist in the rehabilitation and reintegration of offenders. MHA will work closely with the community and families of offenders to strengthen support for the offender after his release from prison. In partnership with the community, the Yellow Ribbon Project (YRP) will continue to create awareness, generate acceptance and inspire community action to support the rehabilitation and reintegration of ex-offenders.
A society free from drug activities
This desired outcome captures the long term target of our operations in narcotics control. $58 million, constituting 1.8% of MHA’s budget, would be spent to achieve this desired outcome. CNB will continue to intensify its enforcement efforts through regular island-wide operations and intensive raids against drug traffickers and abusers.
CNB will continue to enhance its operational and intelligence capabilities by leveraging on technology and through better management and analysis of strategic intelligence information to complement tactical intelligence on the ground. We will stay vigilant against existing threats such as the abuse of amphetamine-type stimulants, prescription drugs and inhalants, while ensuring that we remain nimble and adaptable to respond quickly to operational changes and maintain our standard of operational excellence. We will also continue to work closely with key partners such as the Ministry of Health and the Health Sciences Authority to monitor and keep abreast of developments in the drug situation.
A Singapore well-prepared for emergencies, civil disasters and unconventional threats
This desired outcome captures MHA’s aim to provide robust Homeland security for Singapore, to prepare Singapore well for effective response during emergencies. $163 million, which constitutes 5% of MHA’s budget, will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. Among the initiatives and programmes, Civil Defence public shelters will continue to be constructed in MRT stations along the Circle Line (CCL) and Downtown Line (DTL). The development of these public shelters will increase the CD shelter coverage for the civilian population and provide them better protection against the effects of enemy weapons during a wartime emergency.
Successful partnership with the community to maintain a safe and secure society
To maintain safety and security in an increasingly complex operating environment, it is insufficient to rely solely on MHA to make Singapore a safe and secured home. In this respect, the community is a key partner of the Home Team. The community plays an increasingly important role in supporting the work of the Home Team to make Singapore a safe and secure home. $23 million will be spent to achieve this desired outcome. This constitutes 0.7% of MHA’s budget.
MHA will continue to engage the community via educational institutions, grassroots organisations and self-help groups through our public education programmes. Besides the current public education programmes that are targeted at different groups in society, such as students and the working population, MHA continues to think of innovative ways to engage members of public so as to raise their level of emergency preparedness. For example, SCDF will be building an Emergency Preparedness Learning Centre (EPLC) in the Central Fire Station. The EPLC will have interactive simulators and exhibits for visitors to learn more about topics like smoke evacuation, fire safety and tremors in a hands-on manner. The EPLC is targeted to be completed in the early part of 2012.
To find out more about the Ministry of Home Affairs and our initiatives, please visit our website.